Kindness – Be Kind – Fruit of the Spirit

Kindness
Welcome
picture for kindness

“Love is patient, love is kind, it is not envious. Love does not brag, it is not puffed up. – Kindness
1 Corinthians 13:4 (NET)”

Bible study – Kindness

Welcome, we are so glad you decided to join us. Is this your first visit to our online Bible studies? Please note we use the Scriptures and few comments in our Bible studies. Let the Holy Spirit teach you all things.

1 Corinthians 13:4-7 Love is patient, love is kind, it is not envious. Love does not brag, it is not puffed up. 5 It is not rude, it is not self-serving, it is not easily angered or resentful. 6 It is not glad about injustice, but rejoices in the truth. 7 It bears all things, believes all things, hopes all things, endures all things. (NET)

Something to think about:

Kindness is goodwill (good will). It is an act done gladly to ease the sorrows of people in need. Kind people want to help others. They find joy in giving to supply the needs of others. Acts of kindness go together with love; love is kind.

Key Points:
  1. Godly kindness comes from God through the Holy Spirit. You may know it as part of the fruit of the Spirit. Galatians 5:22-23 “But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, 23 gentleness, self-control; against such there is no law.” (RSV)
  2. Be loving, patient and kind. People will know you are a child of God. 2 Corinthians 6:6-7 “We show that we are God’s servants by our pure lives, by our understanding, by our patience, and by our kindness. We show it by the Holy Spirit, by genuine love, 7 by speaking the truth, and by depending on God’s power. This right way of living has prepared us to defend ourselves against every kind of attack.” (ERV)
  3. This is chrestotes kindness also known as gentleness. [Titus 3:1-8 (key verse: 4)] Love that comes from God is kind. [Titus 3:1-8 (key verse: 4)] Kindness cares about the needs of others. It is tender, selfless and giving. Does not do things looking for reward. Love is kind. [1 Corinthians 13:4]

If you have more time please continue, if you don’t have time for more, please jump to the end to give feedback in the comment area/poll. Go to end.

Kindness
Part One
Picture of pioneer sculpture for the kindness bs Ephesians 4:32

Be kind and loving to each other. Forgive each other the same as God forgave you through Christ.
Ephesians 4:32 (ERV)

Galatians 5:22-23 (KJV) But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, 23 Meekness, temperance: against such there is no law.

Galatians 5:22-23 (RKJNT) But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, 23 Gentleness, self-control: against such things there is no law.

The King James translators used the word gentleness instead of kindness for the Greek word chrestotes (khray-stot’-ace) in Galatians 5:22. The Revised KJNT translators correctly used the word kindness. Kindness is the state, quality, act, or habit of being:

  • sympathetic – attending to the needs, feelings, problems, and views of others
  • friendly – easily approached
  • gentle – of a thoughtful and caring nature
  • tender-hearted – having an attentive or sensitive character
  • generous – liberal giving; willing to give of oneself and one’s possessions
  • courteous – good mannered; full of polite {well-mannered or thoughtful} concern for the well-being of others
  • affectionate – showing brotherly love; caring (non-sexual)
  • hospitable – friendly to strangers; having an open and giving mind; approachable
  • helpful – willing to support or give aid

Be Kind

Titus 3:1-8 (RKJNT) Remind them to be subject to rulers and authorities, to be obedient, to be ready to do every good work, 2 To speak evil of no man, to be peaceable, gentle, showing all courtesy to all men. 3 For we ourselves were once foolish, disobedient, deceived, slaves to various lusts and pleasures, living in malice and envy; hated, and hating one another. 4 But when the kindness and love of God our Saviour appeared, 5 He saved us, not because of works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing by the Holy Spirit; 6 Whom he poured out upon us abundantly through Jesus Christ our Saviour; 7 That being justified by his grace, we should be made heirs, having the hope of eternal life. 8 This is a faithful saying; and I want you to affirm these things constantly, that those who have believed in God might be careful to engage in good works. These things are good and profitable for men.

Question for kindness – part one: Are you showing kindness to others?

Kindness
Part Two
Picture of downtown San Jose, CA for the kindness bs Colossians 3:12

Therefore, as the chosen of God, holy and beloved, put on hearts of mercy, kindness, humility, gentleness, and patience;
Colossians 3:12 (RKJNT)

Colossians 3:12-13 (KJV) Put on therefore, as the elect of God, holy and beloved, bowels of mercies, kindness, humbleness of mind, meekness, longsuffering; 13 Forbearing one another, and forgiving one another, if any man have a quarrel against any: even as Christ forgave you, so also do ye.

Colossians 3:12-13 (RKJNT) Therefore, as the chosen of God, holy and beloved, put on hearts of mercy, kindness, humility, gentleness, and patience; 13 Bearing with one another, and forgiving one another. If any man has a complaint against another; just as Christ forgave you, so you do the same.

In the New Testament, the word kindness takes on many meanings. ‘Brotherly kindness‘, ‘brotherly love‘ and ‘love of the brethren‘ that comes from the ‘converted’ (transliterated) Greek word philadelphia (Strong’s number 5360) are phrases meaning kindness. However, kindness in Colossians 3:12 is from the Greek word chrestotes (khray-stot’-ace) also used in Galatians 5:22 but the KJV translators used gentleness instead. How do we find the different ways kindness is translated and/or used in the Bible?

If you have access to a good concordance you can search the word ‘kindness’ and find all the scriptures that use the word ‘kindness’ and in some cases get more. In the preceding link to 6 ‘concordance’ tools via studylight.org only 3 have information for ‘kindness’: Nave’s Topical Bible | Thompson Chain Reference | The Topical Concordance. I recommend that you find the one that works best for you, believe me there are more free online concordance tools so do not be afraid to explore the internet for more.

Kindness challenge #1

Titus 3:4 (KJV) But after that the kindness and love of God our Saviour toward man appeared,

1. How many times is the word or a form of the word kindness used in this passage? Please share your answer and if you don’t mind tell us how you found the answer.

2. What word in Galatians 5:22 did the KJV translators use instead of kindness as part of the fruit of the Spirit?

Galatians 5:22-23 (KJV) But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, 23 Meekness, temperance: against such there is no law.

Question for ‘kindness – part two’: Is kindness part of your character?

Kindness
Part Three
Picture of downtown Los Angeles for the kindness bs 1 John 3:17

What if a person has enough money to live on and sees his brother in need of food and clothing? If he does not help him, how can the love of God be in him?
Kindness – 1 John 3:17 (NLV)

Welcome to the last part of this three-part series, ‘kindness‘. In order to fully understand the fruit of the Spirit, one must understand some of the history or at least become aware of why we have such controversy in agreement on the correctness of any of the translations. For the sake of this study, we will look at the words that represent a fruit of the Spirit originally translated ‘benignity‘, ‘gentleness‘ and ‘kindness‘ I will do my best to keep it as simple as possible.

Ancient translations

A proper starting point is ‘the Vulgate‘ translated by Eusebius Hieronymous Sophronius normally called St. Jerome {translated circa 400 A.D.} (with English in parenthesis using the word-for-word technique by William Whitaker via ablemedia.com). The following is the translation of Galatians 5:22-23:

Galatians 5:22-23 (Vulgate) “Epistula (Epistle) Ad (to the) Galatas (Galatians) fructus (fruit) autem (of the) Spiritus (Spirit) est (is) caritas (charity) gaudium (joy) pax (peace) longanimitas (patience) bonitas (goodness) benignitas (kindness / benignity) 23 fides (faith) modestia (modesty / temperance) continentia (restraint / self-control / abstinence) adversus huiusmodi non est lex.

King James Version – A conference of churchmen in 1604 became noteworthy for its request that the English Bible be revised because existing translations “were corrupt and not answerable to the truth of the original.” King James I was quick to appreciate the broader value of the proposal and at once made the project his own. {excerpt from Encyclopædia Britannica Ultimate Reference Suite}

1611 King James (Authorized)

The 1611 revision authorized by King James I of England {some believe the use of the word “authorized” implies it is THE Bible authorized by God as the only true interpretation/translation of the word of God}. The irony about labeling this as the ‘authorized’ version is that the first English version or translation of the Bible considered authorized was the Great Bible ‘authorized’ by England’s King Henry the Eighth circa 1540. I will refrain from this debatable topic, if you care to learn more try these sources for starters: English Bible History: Timeline of how we got the English Bible | English Versions of the Bible | The History of the English Bible via Bible.org.

Galatians 5:22-23 (Authorized Version) “But the fruit of the spirit is loue, ioy, peace, long suffering, gentlenesse, goodnesse, faith, 23 Meekenesse, temperance: against such there is no law.” Notice the middle English spelling of love, joy and other words in blue, these are not typographical errors.

Kindness most common

I reviewed over 100 translations to discover the various words used as the fifth fruit of the Spirit (I do realize not all translators list them in the same order, word-for-word). This is a summary of my findings (note: I am not suggesting that the most popular or common translated word equals the right word);

  • Benignity – the Latin Vulgate (St. Jerome’s translators used the word benignitas—the English translation is benignity—at the time twelve virtues (fruit) of the Spirit were listed. The other eleven is (according to vulgate.org) charity, joy, peace, patience, goodness, longanimity, Mildness, faith, modesty, continency, chastity.
    • Three American English translations/revisions contain twelve: Catholic Public Domain Version (CPDV in 2009 A.D. – ‘kindness‘) | The Work of God’s Children (in 2010 A.D. also a Catholic revision continued with ‘benignity‘) | New Revised Standard Version Catholic Edition (presumed formerly Knox Bible)
    • Only a few early English translators continued with the Catholic translation: Wycliffe and Douay-Rheims
    • The word ‘benignity‘ is used in 6 of 105 translations/revisions in Galatians 5:22 for the Greek χρηστότης chrestotes (khray-stot’-ace).
  • Gentleness – William Tyndale’s English NT was the first printed version and the first known English translator to use the word ‘getlnes‘ (1530’s gentleness). Other translators followed suite including the translators authorized by King James.
    • Modern King James revisions that use ‘gentleness’ include: Updated KJV UKJV), American KJV (AKJV), KJ 2000 (KJK), KJ Clarified (KJC) and 21st Century KJ (KJ21).
    • The word ‘gentleness‘ is used in 26 of 105 translations/revisions in Galatians 5:22 for the Greek χρηστότης chrestotes (khray-stot’-ace).
  • Kindness – Martin Luther’s 1522 A.D. (Latin to) German Bible used the word ‘kindness’ (using modern online translation tools). The word kindness became the standard after Julia E. Smith‘s 1867 (not to imply that her literal translation caused the change) translation.
    • Modern translations particularly King James revisions that use ‘kindness’ are: New KJV (NKJV), Green’s Modern KJV (MKJV) and Revised KJNT (RKJNT).
    • The word ‘kindness‘ is used in 69 of 105 translations/revisions so it is the most common word translated in Galatians 5:22 for the Greek χρηστότης chrestotes (khray-stot’-ace). The total included the words kindliness (2) and kind (3); phrases being kind (2) and kind acts (1).

Colossians 3:12-13 (RKJNT) Therefore, as the chosen of God, holy and beloved, put on hearts of mercy, kindness, humility, gentleness, and patience; 13 Bearing with one another, and forgiving one another. If any man has a complaint against another; just as Christ forgave you, so you do the same.

Language changes

English evolved rapidly in just a few centuries. Many present-day speakers find Shakespeare’s sixteenth century texts difficult and Chaucer’s fourteenth century Canterbury Tales nearly impossible to read. Language change National Science Foundation

As a child I recall reading the King James Version—most likely the 1768 version—I did not understand many words especially those considered sinful like lasciviousness and licentiousness. The New American Standard Version was the first non-King James version I read, it was the Easy-to-Read (ERV) that made sense without the use of dictionaries [see the comparison of Galatians 5:17-21].

Romans 2:4 (ICB) God has been very kind to you, and he has been patient with you. God has been waiting for you to change. But you think nothing of his kindness. Perhaps you do not understand that God is kind to you so that you will change your hearts and lives.

Romans 2:4 (KJV) Or despisest thou the riches of his goodness and forbearance and longsuffering; not knowing that the goodness of God leadeth thee to repentance?

Galatians 5:22 word use for chrestotes

Galatians 5:22-23 (KJV) But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, 23 Meekness, temperance: against such there is no law.

  • being kind[BWE, WE]
  • gentleness[ABP, AKJV, BB, CB, ERRB, GB, JB2000, JST, JWNT, K2K, KJC, KJV, LBAP, LDS, LONT, MNT, MT, NWB, TB, TGB, TMB, UKJV, WNT]
  • caring [AAEB]
  • benignity[DRA, DRC, PSNT, LV, WGCIB and WYC]
  • kind[CEV, NIRV, NLV]
  • kind acts[BBE]
  • kindliness[MOF, OEB, TCNT]
  • suavity[MPSNT]
  • graciousness[EBR]
  • sweetness[ABPE]
Other KJV word meanings for chrestotes
  • goodRomans 3:12
  • goodnessRomans 2:4 and 11:22
  • kindness2 Corinthians 6:6; Ephesians 2:7; Colossians 3:12 and Titus 3:4

Question for “kindness – part three”: Do you show kindness to others?

Scriptures to read and study:

Romans 12:9-21 (focus verses: 9-13); Ephesians 4:25-32 (focus verse 32); 2 Corinthians 6:1-10 (focus verses 6-7); Philippians 2:1-4 (focus verse: 4); Colossians chapter 3 (key verses: 12-17; focus verses 12-13); 1 Thessalonians 5:12-22 (focus verses: 14-15); 1 John 3:16-23 (focus verses 16-19); 2 Peter 1:5-11 (focus verse 7); Matthew 5:1-12 (7); Romans 2:1-5; Ephesians 2:1-10 (focus verse: 7)

Kindness
Conclusion

Luke 6:35-36 (RKJNT) But love your enemies, and do good, and lend, expecting nothing back; and your reward shall be great, and you shall be the children of the Most High: for he is kind to the unthankful and to the evil. 36 Be merciful, as your Father also is merciful.

Jesus used the word ‘kind‘ from the Greek chrestos (khrase-tos’) {the root word for chrestotes} meaning useful (in manner or morals), courteous, polite, thoughtful, gentle, easy-going and considerate. Kindness or being kind extends beyond an act or action to or for another it is also a part of one’s character. 2 Corinthians 6:3-10 is a good example of the Christian way of doing things to show others we are servants of God, the list includes kindness.

Being kind to others becomes a natural thing when you have the kindness given by the Holy Spirit. It is a quality God shows “…the incomparable riches of his grace in his kindness toward us through Christ Jesus.” {from Ephesians 2:7; read Ephesians 2:1-10}.

Kindness is a quality that all Christians should have and show to others. Godly kindness considers the needs, feelings, problems, and views of others and does whatever is needed to help change the condition. Be blessed as you show kindness to others! —Tim

Question for kindness – Conclusion: Is your kindness showing and actively coming from your heart; done with love?

Related Bible studies and article:

Fruit of the Spirit – Can Others See God Thru You – STM | Chrestotes (Forerunner Commentary) – BibleTools.org | Kindness – Fruit of the Spirit

See what is available on the Sound Truth Ministry website.
Copyright information:
Scripture quoted by permission. Quotations designated (NET) are from the NET Bible® copyright ©1996-2006 by Biblical Studies Press, L.L.C. http://netbible.com All rights reserved. | (ERV) Taken from the HOLY BIBLE: EASY-TO-READ VERSION © 2001 by World Bible Translation Center, Inc. and used by permission. | (ICB) Scripture taken from the International Children’s Bible®. Copyright © 1986, 1988, 1999 by Thomas Nelson. Used by permission. All rights reserved. | (RSV) Revised Standard Version of the Bible, copyright 1952 [2nd edition, 1971] by the Division of Christian Education of the National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States of America. Used by permission. All rights reserved.



Bishop Pettiford

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3 Comments:


  1. Kindness 1 Thessalonians 5:15
    Sunday, July 9, 2017
    Be #loving, patient and #kind. Godly kindness considers the needs, feelings, problems, and views of others and does whatever is needed to help change the condition.

    Message in the picture:
    “Always be kind to each other – from 1 Thessalonians 5:15”

    Scripture for the day:
    1 Thessalonians 5:15 See that none of you repays another with evil for evil, but

    always aim to show kindness and seek to do good to one another and to everybody.
    [Amplified Bible, Classic Edition (AMPC)]

    Please help us help others; share this with your family and friends!

    #kindness #love


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