Temperance aka self-control is to avoid excess. To not over-do-it. Give yourself 5 minutes to learn more!
But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, 23 Meekness, temperance: against such there is no law [Galatians 5:22-23 (KJV)].
G1466 ἐγκράτεια egkrateia (eng-kra’-tei-a) n. self-control (especially continence). The virtue of one who masters his desires and passions, especially his sensual appetites1.
This is a brief lesson to aid in getting to know the meaning and use of ‘temperance’. Darby (1890) was the first to translate egkrateia as ‘self-control’. Since that time more and more of the modern translators have done the same. However, this lesson will focus on temperance.
Habitual moderation in regard to the indulgence of the natural appetites and passions2. Often defined as abstinence from alcoholic drinks. Self-control.
in the KJV Bible
It is important for you to know that temperance was found in three verses in the KJV. In Acts 24:25, Galatians 5:23, and 2 Peter 1:6. The New KJV and Revised KJNT translators always replace it with ‘self-control’.
1467 – temperate
G1467 ἐγκρατεύομαι egkrateuomai (eng-kra-tev’-o-mai) v. 1) to exercise self-restraint (in diet and chastity). 2) to be self-controlled.
1468 – the root of 1466
G1468 ἐγκρατής egkrates (eng-kra-tees’) adj. 1. strong in a thing (masterful). 2. (figuratively and reflexively) self-controlled (in appetite, etc.).
4998 – temperate
G4998 σώφρων sophron (sō’-frōn) adj. 1. (literally) safe (sound) in mind. 2. (generally) self-controlled. 3. (by extension) moderate (as to opinion or passion).
- Note: sober in Titus 2:2 comes from the greek word nephaleos. It means “to abstain from wine, either entirely or at least from its immoderate use5“
Vine’s says “the various powers bestowed by God upon man are capable of abuse. The right use demands the controlling power of the will under the operation of the Spirit of God6“. Remember this, the Holy Spirit enables you to have power over yourself. That power is for you to use. So, I urge you to use ‘self-control’!
Blessings to you and your loved ones—♥ Tim. ☺
Related Bible studies:
See what is available on the Sound Truth Ministry website.
- Note: parenthesis (#) encloses the key verse(s).
Acts 24:22-27 (25); Galatians 5:16-26 (22-23); 2 Peter 1:5-11 (6). 1 Corinthians 7:1-9 (8-9) and 9:24-27 (25). Titus 1:5-9 (8).
1 biblehub.com || 2 webstersdictionary1828.com || 3 lexiconcordance.com || 4blueletterbible.org || internationalstandardbible.com || 5 studylight.org || 6 W. E. Vine’s New Testament Word Pictures: Matthew to Acts page 970.