Law to Grace; How Did Jesus Make It Change?

From Law to Grace
Introduction
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“The law was given through Moses, but grace and truth came through Jesus Christ.”
John 1:17 (NCV)

From Law to Grace

Jesus changes the Law to Grace

Going from the Mosaic Law to grace—divine grace—for many is not so easy to understand. This is clear because some continue to follow portions of that Law such as, paying tithes, keeping the Sabbath, believing the ten commandments are essential for salvation, etc. Please do not become offended or stop reading, I am not judging, just doing my job to enlighten and help anyone that is open to know the truth. This is merely an introduction to this transition, I intend to follow with more details in the near future. Paul breaks it down well in his letter to the churches of Galatia:

Galatians 5:1-6 Expanded Bible (EXB) Christ set us free so that we could live in freedom [to a place of freedom; or by means of freedom; Galatians 4:31]. So stand strong. Do not change and go back into the slavery of the law [submit/be fastened to a yoke of slavery]. 2 Listen, I Paul tell you that if you go back to the law by being [let yourself be] circumcised, Christ does you no good. 3 Again, I warn every man: If you allow yourselves to be circumcised, you must follow [are obligated to obey] all the law. 4 If you try to be made right with God [justified] through the law, your life with Christ is over [you are alienated/separated/severed from Christ]—you have left [fallen away from] God’s grace. 5 For by the Spirit and through faith we wait eagerly for a right relationship with God [righteousness]—the object of our hope. 6 When we are [For] in Christ Jesus, it is not important if we are circumcised or not [neither circumcision nor uncircumcision accomplishes anything]. The important thing is faith—the kind of faith that works through love.

NOTE: Circumcision is not the only part of the Law given through Moses that requires keeping all of the Law. Again Paul makes this clear in Galatians 3:10 “…it is written, Cursed is everyone who does not continue to do all things which are written in the book of the law.” James also helps us understand the need to keep the whole Law in James 2:10 “For whoever shall keep the whole law, and yet stumble at one point, is guilty of breaking it all”. [Read Galatians 3:10-14; James 2:1-13]

Jesus made the final sacrifice

The sacrificial death of Jesus made eternal salvation possible and brought in God’s grace—law of faith—(extended to the “Church”, “the Children of God”, or “Born again believer”) through or by faith in Jesus Christ. For when the priesthood is changed, there is, of necessity, also a change in the law. Hebrews 7:12 RKJNT [read Jeremiah 31:31-34; Romans 3:27-31; Hebrews 7:11-28]

Hebrews 8:7-13 (WEB) For if that first covenant had been faultless, then no place would have been sought for a second. 8 For finding fault with them, he said, “Behold, the days come,” says the Lord, “that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah; 9 not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers, in the day that I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt; for they didn’t continue in my covenant, and I disregarded them,” says the Lord. 10 “For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel. After those days,” says the Lord; “I will put my laws into their mind, I will also write them on their heart. I will be their God, and they will be my people. 11 They will not teach every man his fellow citizen, and every man his brother, saying, ‘Know the Lord,’ for all will know me, from their least to their greatest. 12 For I will be merciful to their unrighteousness. I will remember their sins and lawless deeds no more.”

13 In that he says, “A new covenant,” he has made the first old. But that which is becoming old and grows aged is near to vanishing away.

From Law to Grace
The “Mosaic” Law

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Law

  • For the Jews – the “Hebrews”, “the Children of Israel [aka the Israelites]” excluded anyone that was not a Jew
    • And this is the law which Moses set before the children of Israel:Deuteronomy 4:44 (KJV)
    • Scriptures to read / study: Deuteronomy 4:44-49; Joshua 8:31-32
  • Rigid and difficult to keep
    • For whosoever shall keep the whole law, and yet stumble in one point, he is become guilty of all.James 2:10 (ASV)
    • Scriptures to read / study: Acts 7:51-53; Galatians 3:10-14; Galatians 5:1-15; James 2:1-13
  • People were separated from God (because of sin) –
    • And you, who in the past were cut off and at war with God in your minds through evil works, he has now made one in the body of his flesh through death, so that you might be holy and without sin and free from all evil before him:Colossians 1:21-22 (BBE)
    • Scriptures to read / study: Colossians 1:19-23; Romans 5:6-11; Ephesians 2:11-13
  • Required works and strict observance of ceremonies, rituals and special days
    • The Holy Spirit uses this to show that the way into the Most Holy Place [sanctuary; holy things; Holy of Holies] was not open [or had not yet been revealed] while the system of the old Holy Tent [or outer room of the Tabernacle; first tent/Tabernacle] was still being used [in place; standing]. 9 This is an example [illustration; symbol] for the present time. It shows that the gifts and sacrifices offered cannot make the conscience of the worshiper perfect [clear; pure]. 10 These gifts and sacrifices were only about food and drink and special [ceremonial; ritual] washings. They were rules for the body [or external regulations], to be followed [in force; applying] until the time of God’s new way [reformation; new order].” Hebrews 9:8-10 (EXB)
    • Scriptures to read / study: Exodus 12:1-28; Exodus 13:3-16; Philippians 3:1-11; Colossians 2:1-23; Ephesians 2:14-18; Hebrews 9:6-10

Galatians 3:19-25New Life Version (NLV) Then why do we have the Law? It was given because of sin. It was to be used until Christ came. The promise had been made looking toward Christ. The Law was given by angels through Moses who stood between God and man. 20 But when the promise was given to Abraham, God gave it without anyone standing between them.

21 Is the Law against the promise of God? No! Never! If it had been possible to be saved from the punishment of sin by obeying the Law, then being right with God would have come by obeying the Law. 22 But the Holy Writings say that all men are guilty of sin. Then that which was promised might be given to those who put their trust in Christ. It will be because their faith is in Him.

23 Before it was possible to be saved from the punishment of sin by putting our trust in Christ, we were held under the Law. It was as if we were being kept in prison. We were kept this way until Christ came. 24 The Law was used to lead us to Christ. It was our teacher, and so we were made right with God by putting our trust in Christ. 25 Now that our faith is in Christ, we do not need the Law to lead us.

From Law to Grace
Jesus the Fulfiller
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“Jesus came to complete the purpose of the law of Moses and the teaching of the prophets, through Christ we receive God’s grace.”
Reference Matthew 5:17 and Romans 5:17

Christ

  • Fulfilled the requirements of the Law
    • The Law never succeeded in producing righteousness—the failure was always the weakness of human nature. But God has met this by sending his own Son Jesus Christ to live in that human nature which causes the trouble. And, while Christ was actually taking upon himself the sins of men, God condemned that sinful nature. So that we are able to meet the Law’s requirements, so long as we are living no longer by the dictates of our sinful nature, but in obedience to the promptings of the Spirit.Romans 8:3-4 J.B. Phillips New Testament (PHILLIPS)
    • Scriptures to read / study: Matthew 5:17-20; Romans 10:1-13; Hebrews 10:5-18; Romans 8:1-11
  • Became the “eternal” High Priest
    • Seeing then that we have a great high priest, who has passed through the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast our confession. 15 For we do not have a high priest who cannot sympathize with our infirmities; but one who in every respect was tempted as we are, yet without sin. 16 Therefore, let us boldly approach the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy, and find grace to help in time of need.Hebrews 4:14-16 (RKJNT)
    • Scriptures to read / study: Hebrews 2:10-18; Hebrews 3:1-6
  • Reconciled man to God – to restore a right relationship with God. Nelson’s Bible Dictionary states “The process by which God and man are brought together again. The Bible teaches that God and man are alienated from one another because of God’s holiness and man’s sinfulness.”
    • And all these things are from God, who has reconciled us to himself through Jesus Christ, and has given to us the ministry of reconciliation; 19 That is, that God was in Christ, reconciling the world to himself, not counting men’s sins against them; and he has committed to us the word of reconciliation. 20 Now then, we are ambassadors for Christ, as if God were making his appeal through us: we beg you on Christ’s behalf, be reconciled to God. 21 For our sakes he has made him to be sin, who knew no sin; that in him we might become the righteousness of God.” 2 Corinthians 5:18-21 (RKJNT)
    • Scriptures to read / study: Romans 5:6-11; 2 Corinthians 5:12-21; Colossians 1:19-23; Ephesians 2:14-18; Hebrews 2:10-18

Galatians 2:17-21 Easy-to-Read Version (ERV) We Jews came to Christ to be made right with God, so it is clear that we were sinners too. Does this mean that Christ makes us sinners? Of course not. 18 But I would be wrong to begin teaching again those things that I gave up. 19 It was the law itself that caused me to end my life under the law. I died to the law so that I could live for God. I have been nailed to the cross with Christ. 20 So I am not the one living now—it is Christ living in me. I still live in my body, but I live by faith in[a] the Son of God. He is the one who loved me and gave himself to save me. 21 I am not the one destroying the meaning of God’s grace. If following the law is how people are made right with God, then Christ did not have to die.

From Law to Grace
The Grace of God
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“Sin is no longer your master, for you no longer live under the requirements of the law. Instead, you live under the freedom of God’s grace.”
Romans 6:14 (NLT)

Grace

I must apologize my friends for introducing such an important word, grace, without giving it the benefit deserved. Grace is of such importance that it merits an article focusing on it alone; I intend to do so as soon as possible. For now, please accept this short breakdown of grace. —Tim

Romans 6:12-14 New Living Translation (NLT) Do not let sin control the way you live;[a] do not give in to sinful desires. 13 Do not let any part of your body become an instrument of evil to serve sin. Instead, give yourselves completely to God, for you were dead, but now you have new life. So use your whole body as an instrument to do what is right for the glory of God. 14 Sin is no longer your master, for you no longer live under the requirements of the law. Instead, you live under the freedom of God’s grace.

  • For the church” – all born again believers; no one is excluded, all are welcome.
    • I mean that you have been saved by grace through believing. You did not save yourselves; it was a gift from God. 9 It was not the result of your own efforts, so you cannot brag about it. 10 God has made us what we are. In Christ Jesus, God made us to do good works, which God planned in advance for us to live our lives doing.” Ephesians 2:8-10 (NCV)
    • Scriptures to read / study: Acts 15:6-21; Romans 3:21-26; Ephesians 2:1-10
  • Undeserved, unearned and not based on works
    • “For by grace you are saved through faith. And this[a] is not from you. It is the gift of God— 9 not of works, in order that no one may boast. 10 For we are His workmanship, having been created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God prepared-beforehand in order that we might walk in them.” Ephesians 2:8-10 Disciples’ Literal New Testament (DLNT)
    • Scriptures to read / study: Romans 11:1-10; Ephesians 2:1-10; Romans 4:1-4
  • Based on belief, faith and trust in God
    • “Wherefore gird up the loins of your mind: be sober, and trust perfectly on that grace that is brought unto you, in the revelation of Jesus Christ,” 1 Peter 1:13 1599 Geneva Bible (GNV)
    • Scriptures to read / study: Romans 4:1-4; 1 Timothy 1:12-20; 1 Peter 1:13-21
  • Freed from ceremonies, rituals and observance of special days
    • “He brought an end to the commandments and demands found in Moses’ Teachings so that he could take Jewish and non-Jewish people and create one new humanity in himself. So he made peace.” Ephesians 2:15 Names of God Bible (NOG)
    • Scriptures to read / study: Colossians 2:11-23; Hebrews 9:1-22; Philippians 3:1-11; Galatians 4:1-20; Leviticus 23:1-44

The word “grace” in biblical parlance can, like forgiveness, repentance, regeneration, and salvation, mean something as broad as describing the whole of God’s activity toward man or as narrow as describing one segment of that activity. An accurate, common definition describes grace as the unmerited favor of God toward man. —Baker’s Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology-Andrew H. Trotter, Jr.

Scriptures to read and study

Jeremiah 31:31-34; 2 Corinthians 3:7-18; Galatians 3:10-29; Romans 3:19-31; Ephesians 3:11-22; Hebrews 7:11-28; Romans 4:13-5:5; Hebrews 9:11-28; Romans 6:1-14; Galatians 2:11-21

Law to Grace
Conclusion

Romans 3:21-26 Amplified Bible (AMP) But now the righteousness of God has been revealed independently and altogether apart from the Law, although actually it is attested by the Law and the Prophets, 22 Namely, the righteousness of God which comes by believing with personal trust and confident reliance on Jesus Christ (the Messiah). [And it is meant] for all who believe. For there is no distinction, 23 Since all have sinned and are falling short of the honor and glory which God bestows and receives. 24 [All] are justified and made upright and in right standing with God, freely and gratuitously by His grace (His unmerited favor and mercy), through the redemption which is [provided] in Christ Jesus, 25 Whom God put forward [before the eyes of all] as a mercy seat and propitiation by His blood [the cleansing and life-giving sacrifice of atonement and reconciliation, to be received] through faith. This was to show God’s righteousness, because in His divine forbearance He had passed over and ignored former sins without punishment. 26 It was to demonstrate and prove at the present time (in the now season) that He Himself is righteous and that He justifies and accepts as righteous him who has [true] faith in Jesus.

Hopefully you have a better understanding of the benefits of going from the Law to grace. Romans 8:3 (NCV) “The law was without power, because the law was made weak by our sinful selves. But God did what the law could not do. He sent his own Son to earth with the same human life that others use for sin. By sending his Son to be an offering for sin, God used a human life to destroy sin.” Romans 3:19 (ISV) “Now we know that whatever the Law says applies to those who are under the Law”. That Law was to remain in place until Christ came.” Ephesians 2:8-9 (NIRV) “God’s grace has saved you because of your faith in Christ. Your salvation doesn’t come from anything you do. It is God’s gift. 9 It is not based on anything you have done. No one can brag about earning it.

After learning what the Law required, I could not imagine living under its rules and I can say thank you Jesus for bringing God’s grace. Be blessed my friends—Tim.

Question for “law to grace”: Are you happy or excited that you are under God’s grace?

See what is available on the Sound Truth Ministry website.
(NCV) Scripture taken from the New Century Version®. Copyright © 2005 by Thomas Nelson. Used by permission. All rights reserved. | (EXB) The Expanded Bible Scripture taken from The Expanded Bible. Copyright ©2011 by Thomas Nelson. Used by permission. All rights reserved. | (NIRV) Scriptures taken from the Holy Bible, New International Reader’s Version®, NIrV® Copyright © 1995, 1996, 1998 by Biblica, Inc.™ Used by permission of Zondervan. www.zondervan.com The “NIrV” and “New International Reader’s Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™ | (AMP) Scripture taken from the Amplified Bible, Copyright © 1954, 1958, 1962, 1964, 1965, 1987 by The Lockman Foundation. Used by permission.


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Bishop Pettiford

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